While freckles and sunspots can be found all over the face, they are more noticeable on the cheeks, nose, neck, and arms. UV or sun exposure causes these lesions to appear. These, which are often inherited, frequently affect patients with fair skin. Some people may have fewer freckles that don't result in any obvious pigmentation. Others, though, can have their entire face covered by these.
Causes of Freckles
Freckles typically result from prolonged sun exposure or UV radiation and may get worse after a period of heavy sun exposure, such as a beach vacation. These spots are a result of melanocytes, which are found in the basal layer of the epidermis, producing more melanin than usual. Since freckles are situated deep beneath the skin, they are resistant to topical medications.
Freckles are largely determined by genetics. It's possible that others in the family will also have freckled skin if certain family members do. No one is born with freckles, but they typically begin to appear in childhood and occasionally disappear as adults. It's totally natural for freckles to lighten in the summer and darken in the winter, so don't be worried by this.
Types of Freckles
Freckles are of two types Ephelides and Lentigines :
Ephelides – These freckles appear in the summer from sun exposure and disappear in the winter This type of freckles develops as a result of excessive melanin synthesis.
Lentigines - is a result of a rise in the quantity of melanin and melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin. These freckles are more persistent in nature and deeper in colour.
Freckle Treatment In Bangalore
Over-the-counter treatments can aid in minimising the look of freckles if they have already developed. These products include acid peels, phenol, trichloroacetic acid, and AHA toners.
Topical ointments like toners and creams are applied directly to the freckles you want to lighten. They work best for freckles that are visible even in the absence of sunlight.
A retinoid cream can be used to cure freckles that have developed as a result of exposure to the sun. Cream containing retinoids aids in absorbing UV radiation damage.
Dermatological Freckle Treatment
Chemical Peels A chemical peel has several benefits. A chemical peel can remove the top layer of skin, exposing fresher, unharmed skin, which can help reduce the appearance of freckles. Due to the lack of UV damage in this skin layer, freckles will therefore be less obvious. Chemical peels can even be used to cure precancerous skin lesions, minimise the look of wrinkles, and improve your general appearance of health.
Laser Therapy for Freckles A dermatologist-performed laser therapy is an additional choice. Freckles may become less noticeable or perhaps disappear as a result of this. The water that is hidden beneath the skin's layers is the focus of this resurfacing laser. Old pigmented cells are eliminated as it reaches the middle layer of skin, and new collagen is created in their place. The total elimination of freckles may be possible with this new collagen.
Cryosurgery Freckles may potentially be eliminated via cryosurgery. Unwanted skin cells are destroyed by the liquid nitrogen utilised in the process. Cryosurgery doesn't need anesthesia and is thought to be safe with a quick recovery.
When to consult your dermatologist for freckle removal?
Seek immediate medical assistance if you detect a rapid change in the colour of your skin or an increase in the number of freckles in any area of your body. Additionally, visit a best dermatologist as soon as you notice any strange or persistent changes in your skin to prevent a more serious skin disease. A doctor should be consulted before treating any skin lesions because there is a very small chance that they could be malignant.
The difference between moles and freckles
A mole is made up of an excessive number of pigment-forming cells and an excessive number of blood arteries. It usually exists at or shortly after birth.
Freckles and moles are not the same thing. Although moles are still skin lesions, they are usually darker and not always related to sun exposure. But moles are more frequent in those with light skin, just as ephelides.
Freckles are quite common, but if you want to get rid of them for cosmetic purposes, you have a few options.
To keep freckled skin smooth and supple, moisturise after being in the sun . SPF-rated products protect your face from UVA and UVB rays; make sure to use sunscreen every day.